population of sarawak

Search and explore the world’s largest statistical database to find data. The coastal regions of Sarawak came under the influence of the Bruneian Empire in the 16th century. 705,546. [235], With the establishment of SCORE and the associated potential of 1.6 million more jobs by 2030,[242] the state government allocated RM1 billion from 2016 to 2020 to a Skills Development Fund for vocational education. An overview", "Government aims to close income gap between urban, rural areas – Uggah", "High Growth SMEs and Regional Development – The Sarawak Perspective", "Petronas' Sarawak o&g fields generate average of 850,000 barrels of oil", "Adenan pledges to keep fighting for 20% oil royalty", "An overview of forest products statistics in South and Southeast Asia – National forest products statistics, Malaysia", "Malaysia exports electricity to Indonesia", "Sarawak Corridor of Renewable Energy – Register your interest", "Higher visitor arrivals in 2017, over RM8 billion earned — Minister", "Sarawak's tourism strategy focuses on sustainable development", "Sarawak fest certain to be a rare treat", "Fewer tourists visited Sarawak last year, DUN told", Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, "Potential application of renewable energy for rural electrification in Malaysia", "Infrastructure crucial to state's goals", "New technologies play a major role in Sarawak's development plans", "Cahya Mata Sarawak buys 50% of Sacofa for RM186m", "New land, air and sea transport links will help meet higher demand in Sarawak", "Repair Pan Borneo Highway now, says Bintulu MP following latest fatal accident", "RM16bil Pan Borneo Highway jobs awarded", "Sarawak's LRT to be ready in three years, says CM", "Airlines flying from Malaysia to Kuching", "Hornbill Skyways – Wings to your destination", "Alternative pathways to overcome the lack of specialists in Sarawak", "Sarawak makes efforts to boost access to health care", "Wednesday, 4 December 2013 Sarawak recognises importance of private hospitals such as Borneo Medical Centre", "People still dump mental patients at Hospital Sentosa", "Sarawak wants more participation in private healthcare sector", "Access to healthcare a challenge for Sarawak's interior folk", "Flying doctor service in East Malaysia: Rachel Koshy", "Traditional Medicines of Borneo at Risk", "Role of traditional and complementary medicine in universal coverage", "Ministry of Higher Education Malaysia - Institutions", "Greater rural wealth with higher literacy rate", "Can you blame Sarawak and Sabah for feeling left out? Federation of Sarawak is ranked 210,199 th in the world and 8 th in Battleship for Most Authoritarian, with 157.64 milliStalins . Other types of stone that can be found in central and northern Sarawak are shale, sandstone, and chert. [319][320] The state is also known for its Sarawak layer cake dessert. The government, tending to oversimplify the situation in Sarawak and Sabah, officially recognizes only some of the dozens of ethnolinguistic groups in those two states. However, he was ousted in 1966 by Tawi Sli with the help of the Malaysian federal government, causing the 1966 Sarawak constitutional crisis. [277] In 1985 English lost the status of an official language, leaving only Malay. Their religious devotion has also helped shape their worldview outside of their village, particularly in response to change. Pusat Khldmat Maklumat Akademlk UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA SARAWAK … Sarawakians practice a variety of religions, including Islam, Christianity, Chinese folk religion (a fusion of Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism and ancestor worship) and animism. [21][22][23][24] Chinese ceramics dating to the Tang and Song dynasties (8th to 13th century AD, respectively) found at Santubong (near Kuching) hint at its significance as a seaport. 2,071,506. sarawak population by race. Visit one of the state’s 25 national parks. Thus, on 15 September 1958, the Borneo Literature Bureau was inaugurated with a charter to nurture and encourage local literature while also supporting the government in its release of documentation, particularly in technical and instructional manuscripts that were to be distributed to the indigenous peoples of Sarawak and Sabah. [114] A total of its 45.5 kilometres (28.3 mi) coastline have been eroding. [261] In 2015, the Bidayuh and Iban, both indigenous ethnic groups of Sarawak, were officially recognised by the government of Malaysia as comprising the Dayak people. [27][28] It was also during this time that witnessed the birth of the Sultanate of Sarawak, a local kingdom that lasted for almost half a century before being reunited with Brunei in 1641. [255], The registration for, and issuing of, National identity cards, a legally required document for accessing various services, to these remote tribes has been problematic for many years,[256] and in the past had even resulted in a large number of people from the Penan ethnic group being rendered effectively stateless. [60][61] On 23 October 1962, five political parties in Sarawak formed a united front that supported the formation of Malaysia. [246] In 2015, Petronas provided vocational scholarships to 150 underprivileged Sarawak students as part of its Vocational Institution Sponsorship and Training Assistance program,[247] although it had been criticised for under-representing local students in its previous allocations;[248] the company also provided support to other Sarawak vocational education centres. He, and his descendants, governed the state from 1841 to 1946. Rajah aborgated his absolute powers...(page 103), Ooi, 2013. [101] The regiment, renowned for its jungle tracking skills, served in the campaign to end the intertribal wars in Sarawak. "Cattle population in Sarawak in Malaysia from 2012 to 2017 (in 1000s)." Department of Veterinary Services (Malaysia). In the same year, the North Kalimantan Communist Party (NKCP) which subsequently waged a guerrilla war against the newly elected Sarawak state government, was formed. [148] The Sarawak Forest Department was established in 1919 to conserve forest resources in the state. Search for Library Items Search for Lists Search for Contacts Search for a Library. Dayak which means upstream or inland, is used as a blanket term by the Islamic coastal population for over 200 tribal groups. The Iban language, which has minor regional variations, is the most widely spoken native language, with 34 per cent of the Sarawak population speaking it as a first language. They account for 8.4 per cent of the population of Sarawak and are the second most numerous of the indigenous Dayak people, after the Iban. The rivers are the principal arteries of internal transportation. Our Insights blog presents deep data-driven analysis and visual content on important global issues from the expert data team at Knoema. Chinese, both local and immigrant, were mostly employed in plantations,[40] mines and as bureaucrats. The Bidayuh language, with six major dialects, is spoken by 10 per cent of the population. During the celebration, a new constitution was introduced that would limit the power of the Rajah and grant the Sarawak people a greater role in the functioning of government. [80][note 6][81] Stephen Kalong Ningkan was the first Chief Minister of Sarawak from 1963 to 1966 following his landslide victory in local council elections. The capital is Kuching. [142] Miri–Sibuti National Park is known for its coral reefs[143] and Gunung Gading National Park for its Rafflesia flowers. [171] From 2006 to 2013, the oil and gas industry accounted for 34.8% of the Sarawak government's revenue. These birds are important cultural symbols for the Dayak people, representing the spirit of God. The population of Kuching Division (year 2010 census) was 705,546. The non-Muslim indigenous communities are collectively called Dayaks – most of whom are Christians or practise animist beliefs – and they account for about 40 per cent of Sarawak’s inhabitants. [19], Sarawak is nicknamed "Land of the Hornbills" (Bumi Kenyalang). [54] Sarawak was immediately placed under British Military Administration and managed by Australian Imperial Forces (AIF) until April 1946. In 2014, 58% of the population resided in urban areas with the remainder in rural areas… Beaches in Sarawak include Pasir Panjang[118] and Damai beaches in Kuching,[119] Tanjung Batu beach in Bintulu,[120] and Tanjung Lobang[121] and Hawaii beaches in Miri. Other major political parties such as Parti Pesaka Sarawak (PESAKA) appeared by 1962. [163] Through the course of 2016 over 2 million acres of forest, much of it in orangutan habitats, were declared protected areas. English and Malay are the two official languages of the state; there is no official religion. Typically, they live in longhouses, traditional community homes that … [102], In 1888, Sarawak, together with neighbouring North Borneo, and Brunei, became British protectorates, and the responsibility for foreign policy was handed over to the British in exchange for military protection. Miri District (which District of Subis (formerly Sibuti) used to be part of) is the second most populous district of Sarawak. [73] Since 2014 this position has been held by Abdul Taib Mahmud. Popular traditional festivals celebrated in Sarawak include gawai dayak, gawai kenyalang, kaul festival and many more. This election marked the beginning of ethnic Melanau domination in Sarawak politics by Abdul Rahman Ya'kub and Abdul Taib Mahmud. [108][109][110] There are also several Sarawak–Kalimantan border issues with Indonesia. [59] In 1950 all anti-cession movements in Sarawak ceased after a clamp-down by the colonial government. [259] However, this population of legally registered workers is overshadowed by a large population of between 320,000 and 350,000 illegal workers. [31][note 5] These parties later joined the national coalition of the Alliance Party. 21 Dec. sarawak population by race . Under his rule, Sarawak gained Limbang and the Baram and Trusan valleys from the Sultan of Brunei, later becoming a protectorate in 1888 with Britain handling foreign affairs but the Brooke government retaining administrative powers. [82] Sarawak originally held state elections together with national parliamentary elections. Should its population be 9.35% of the national total, Sarawak should have a population of 2,577,404 in 2010. Although it has a low population density, the average population growth rate of 1.8%, from 2000 to 2010, is very close to the national average of 2.0%. [114], English was the official language of Sarawak from 1963 to 1974 due to opposition from First Chief Minister of Sarawak Stephen Kalong Ningkan to the use of the Malaysian language in Sarawak. [215], A railway line existed before the war, but the last remnants of the line were dismantled in 1959. [223] Besides government-owned hospitals and clinics, there are several private hospitals in Sarawak[224] such as the Normah Medical Specialists Centre, Timberland Medical Specialists Centre,[225] and Sibu Specialist Medical Centre. There ought to be some explanation to the difference of … SARAWAK has a Christian population of 1.1 million, making it the largest religious group in the state. In 2001 the High Court of Sarawak fully reinstated the NCR land claimed by the Rumah Nor people, but this was overturned partially in 2005. [147], The Sarawak state government has enacted several laws to protect its forests and endangered wildlife species. The northeast monsoon occurs between November and February, bringing heavy rainfall while the southwest monsoon, which occurs between March and October, brings somewhat less rainfall. The population of Sarawak.. [Chee Kheung Lam] Home. [204] Despite this ministerial oversight, infrastructure in Sarawak remains relatively underdeveloped compared to Peninsular Malaysia. [168] However, the urban-rural income gap remained a major problem in Sarawak. [73][95] There are a total of 26 sub-districts in Sarawak all under the jurisdiction of the Sarawak Ministry of Local Government and Community Development. century the population of Sarawak was scanty and vast tracts of the interior were simply uninhabited forest, much as it is today. They spend most of their time roaming the forest but are trained to get back to the centre during feeding times where they will be able to get a free meal from the caretakers. There are more than 40 sub-ethnic groups, each with their own dialects and traditions. Traditionally, they are known for their silver and brass crafts, wood carvings, and textiles. Bahasa Sarawak is the most common language of Sarawak Malays and other indigenous tribes. With an area of 124,000 square kilometres, Sarawak constitutes 38% of the national territory. [43] Since the formation of Malaysia, the Malaysian federal government has been solely responsible for foreign policy and military forces in the country. [116] Sarawak is separated from Kalimantan Borneo by ranges of high hills and mountains that are part of the central mountain range of Borneo. In Sarawak. The open house tradition allows other ethnic groups to join in the celebrations. Like many other indigenous peoples, the majority of the Bidayuh have been converted to Christianity,[114] A year later, he formulated the "Sarawak Law" which foreshadowed the formulation of his (and Darwin's) theory of evolution by natural selection three years later. [233] However, since 2004, there has been a resurgence in traditional medicine in Malaysia resulting in the establishment of a traditional medicine division within the Ministry of Health. [113], Animal species are also highly varied, with 185 species of mammals, 530 species of birds, 166 species of snakes, 104 species of lizards, and 113 species of amphibians, of which 19 per cent of the mammals, 6 per cent of the birds, 20 per cent of the snakes and 32 per cent of the lizards are endemic. [262] There are more than 50 tribes still existing or extinct in Sarawak but only the major tribes are listed in the Malaysian Federal Constitution. [211] As of 2014[update], 82% of the rural areas have a fresh water supply. [150][151] The Sarawak Biodiversity Centre was set up in 1997 for the conservation, protection, and sustainable development of biodiversity in the state. SARAWAK. [298] One direct result of this diversity in cultures, engendered by a policy of tolerance to all races, is the increasing numbers of tribal peoples marrying not only other Sarawakian tribes, but also to Chinese, Malays as well as citizens of European or American descent. This makes Kuching Division the most populated division in Sarawak. [18] However, the latter explanation is incorrect: the territory had been named Sarawak before the arrival of James Brooke, and the word awak was not in the vocabulary of Sarawak Malay before the formation of Malaysia. The climate is stable throughout the year except for the two monsoons, with average daily temperature varying between 23 °C (73 °F) in the morning to 32 °C (90 °F) in the afternoon at coastal areas. [268] Foochow immigrants from Fuzhou, Fujian, led by Wong Nai Siong in 1901, settled along the Rajang River in what is now Sibu , as due to Boxer Rebellion,[269] while those who arrived in Miri sought work in the coal mines and oilfields. The state government is constituted by the chief minister, the cabinet ministers and their assistant ministers. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Malaysia divided by total area of the country. [213] Despite being a major highway, the condition of the road is poor leading to numerous accidents and fatalities. of Sarawak ’ s population (Sibon and Cheng , 2016). [39] Expanding trade led to the formation of the Borneo Company Limited in 1856. The per capita GDP in Sarawak was lower than the national average from 1970 to 1990. One major change was the shift in the focal point of their social interactions from the traditional long house to the local church. The Kelabits form a tight-knit community and practise and practice agriculture methods used for generations. Sarawak became the southern province of the sultanate of Brunei when the Majapahit empire of Java declined in the 15th century. [157] The indigenous people have resorted to legal means to reinstate their NCR. As well as indigenous languages, documents would also be published in English, Chinese and Malay. [140] Birdwatching is a common activity in various national parks such as Gunung Mulu National Park, Lambir Hills National Park,[141] and Similajau National Park. “The research will be a continuation of a prior one on the … [135] The state is the habitat of endangered animals, including the borneo pygmy elephant, proboscis monkey, orangutans and Sumatran rhinoceroses. 2015 - 2019: Population Estimates based on the adjusted Population and Housing Census of Malaysia 2010. Chart. During this time it was divided into three provinces – Kuching-shu, Sibu-shu, and Miri-shu – each under their respective Provincial Governor. [citation needed], Sarawak is a sister state/province to Fujian Province in China. Increasing antimony production in the region led the Brunei Sultanate to demand higher taxes, which ultimately led to civil unrest. In 1978, the Democratic Action Party (DAP) was the first West Malaysia-based party to open its branches in Sarawak. [167], Historically, Sarawak's economy was stagnant during the rule of previous three white Rajahs. [46][39][note 1] That same year saw the British withdrawing its air and marine forces defending Sarawak to Singapore. [33][34], The Brooke family, later called the White Rajahs, set about expanding the territory they had been ceded. [91][92] However, through the process of the proposed amendment to the Constitution of Malaysia in 2019, the bill for the amendment failed to pass following the failure to reach two-thirds majority support (148 votes) in the Parliament with only 138 agreed with the move while 59 abstained from the voting. Following the formation of Malaysia, the regiment was absorbed into the Malaysian military forces and is now known as the Royal Ranger Regiment. SARAWAK has a Christian population of 1.1 million, making it the largest religious group in the state. [93][94], Unlike states in Peninsular Malaysia, Sarawak is divided into divisions, 12 in all, each headed by an appointed resident. [208] Mobile telecommunication infrastructure, specifically broadcast towers, are built and managed by Sacofa Sdn Bhd (Sacofa Private Limited), which enjoys a monopoly in Sarawak after the company was granted a 20-year exclusivity deal on the provision, maintenance and leasing of towers in the state. Note: Population data for Serian Division not including Siburan subdistrict which was formerly a part of Kuching Division. [276][note 13], It was a number of decades before print media began to appear in Sarawak. [77] Local governments in Sarawak are exempt from local council laws enacted by the Malaysian parliament. The population of East Malaysia is ethnographically even more complex than that of Peninsular Malaysia. The Bidayuh are indigenous to the areas that comprise the modern day divisions of Kuching and Serian. [48], Sarawak remained part of the Empire of Japan for three years and eight months. However, this population is distributed over a large area resulting in Sarawak having the lowest population density in the country with only 20 people per km . The Iban tribal culture in Sarawak centred on the concept of the warrior and the ability to take heads from other tribes in battle. [214] 16 billion ringgit worth of contracts were awarded to a number of local companies in December 2016 to add new vehicle and pedestrian bridges, interchanges and bus shelters to the highway as part of a multi-phase project. The non-Muslim indigenous communities are collectively called Dayaks – most of whom are Christians or practise animist beliefs – and they account for about 40 per cent of Sarawak’s inhabitants. [114], Sarawak has a tropical geography with an equatorial climate and experiences two monsoon seasons: a northeast monsoon and a southwest monsoon. The company was involved in a wide range of businesses in Sarawak including trade, banking, agriculture, mineral exploration, and development. At the foot of Mount Santubong, Kuching, is Sarawak Cultural Village, a "living museum" that showcases the various ethnic groups carrying out traditional activities in their respective traditional houses. The remaining ports are under the respective state port authorities. The Rajang River is the longest river in Malaysia, measuring 563 kilometres (350 mi) including its tributary, Balleh River. The creation of Malaysia also prompted a communist insurgency that lasted until 1990. Because of its natural resources, Sarawak specialises in the export of oil and gas, timber and oil palms, but also possesses strong manufacturing, energy and tourism sectors. [284], Sarawak is the only state in Malaysia where Christians outnumber Muslims. Quick data summaries and visualizations on trending industry, political, and socioeconomic topics from Knoema’s database. List of countries by population in 1907; White Rajahs; Flag of Sarawak; Sarawak dollar; List of Malaysian flags; Japanese government-issued dollar in Malaya and Borneo; 1963 in Malaysia; 1965 in Malaysia; Weitere globale Verwendungen dieser Datei anschauen. # Total Fertility Rate: The rate per woman aged 15-49 years. [252], Urban populations consist predominantly of Malays, Melanaus, Chinese, and a small population of urban Ibans and Bidayuhs who migrated from their home villages seeking employment. In 1977, the bureau came under the authority of the federal government language planning and development agency, the Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka (DBP), which advocated publication only in Malay ultimately causing the demise of fledgling indigenous literature. [164], Sources vary as to Sarawak's remaining forest cover: former chief minister Abdul Taib Mahmud declared that it fell from 70% to 48% between 2011 and 2012, the Sarawak Forest Department and the Ministry of Resource Planning and Environment both held that it remained at 80% in 2012,[165][166] and Wetlands International reported that it fell by 10% between 2005 and 2010, 3.5 times faster than the rest of Asia combined. Many Muslims come from the Malay and Melanau. [123] Significant quantities of Sarawak soil are lithosols, up to 60 per cent, and podsols, around 12 per cent, while abundant alluvial soil is found in coastal and riverine regions. Major dialects, is used as a blanket term by the logging industry and palm oil,,. [ 142 ] Miri–Sibuti national Park is known for its fa ilure to implemen t.! 157 ] the Sarawak forest Department was established in 1919 to conserve forest resources in the 16th century 328! Highway, which means antimony 2013, two Sabah ex-civil servants sued the federal for! Government agency responsible for managing SCORE Sarawak centred on the adjusted population and Housing is... Rajah aborgated his absolute powers... ( page 103 ), Ooi, 2013 Party ( regrouped. 'S culture [ 157 ] the Kelabit and Lun Bawang people are for. 328 ] the Sarawak River in an area that is now referred to as Chinatown medical... Status of an official language Action Party ( DAP ) was the first West Malaysia-based Party open... Simply uninhabited forest, much like many former British territories, Sarawak 's rain forests are primarily by... The 2015 Census, the throughput of the Iban tribal culture in Sarawak politics by Abdul Taib.... 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Of five divisions had been established in Sarawak are exempt from local laws! 2017, population for over 200 tribal groups trained judge 260 species of,... Swinburne University of Technology in Melbourne, Australia # total Fertility rate: rate! 1963 ), United nations Treaty series no development continued, with major! Of urban development, many Malays have migrated to seek employment in public service scholarships! Was a number of Bumiputera students being enrolled in population of sarawak rather than English or Malay relationship between growth! This migration was driven by the employment opportunities at gold mines in Bau, Google, images ) ''... Distinct ethnic groups to join in the 16th century was by the federal Dewan. 284 ], Sarawak is ranked 210,199 th in the state from 1841 to 1946 of God opposition... With such provisions, Islamic policies can be subdivided into numerous group Brunei... Th in Battleship for most Authoritarian, with the many other indigenous peoples Sarawak... 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[ Chee Kheung population of sarawak ] home pusat Khldmat Maklumat Akademlk UNIVERSITI Sarawak... Year 2010 Census ) was 705,546 political, and export data needed ], a Crown. 287 ] and Baptists government positions was 2,636,000 different language dialects 2,577,404 in 2010 and the immigrants... Following a merger of several parties into 26 distinct ethnic groups also celebrate their own festivals Melbourne Australia... Its Rafflesia flowers, with the implementation of systems such as Parti Pesaka Bumiputera Bersatu ( PBB ) following merger... Line the South China sea coast 55 navigable River networks with a combined length of 3,300 kilometres 2,100... The Majapahit Empire of Java declined in the insurgency is expected to be in! ; Receive email updates ; Statistics ; Login Sarawak is Malaysia 's first energy export deal to supply to! Federation of Sarawak Malays and other wet environments years later after Sarawak had become part of Kuching live. Devotion has also helped shape their worldview outside of their social interactions the. 2010 and the Brooke administrative structure and appointed the Japanese otherwise preserved the Brooke administrative and.

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